What is P.A.D?2019-05-31T10:44:58+08:00

What is P.A.D?

Peripheral Artery Disease (P.A.D.) commonly refers to blockages in the blood vessels of legs and feet. P.A.D. is sometimes referred to as “poor circulation” in the legs. While most people have never heard of P.A.D., it is a common cause of disability, pain, restricted lifestyle, and even amputation. P.A.D. makes it hard or impossible to walk and climb stairs. Importantly, P.A.D. is a serious blood vessel disease, putting people at more than double the risk of heart attack or stroke.

Over 8.5 million people in the U.S. have P.A.D. Many people mistake the signs and symptoms of P.A.D. for arthritis or aging. These symptoms may include leg pain, muscle fatigue, cold feet, and non-healing ulcers. For example, P.A.D. can cause achy, ‘crampy’ feeling or pain in the muscles when the legs are used. This can happen when you walk or climb stairs, however, the discomfort usually goes away when you rest.

What is Peripheral Artery Disease?

P.A.D. occurs when arteries in the legs and feet become narrow or clogged with fatty deposits called plaque. The plague limits the blood flow to the arteries, when this happens patients may experience mild symptoms such as leg cramping and restlessness or more severe symptoms such as leg pain, cold foot, non-healing ulcers, black toes and even gangrene.

The blockages that cause P.A.D. can also occur in blood vessels of the heart or brain. If a fatty deposit or plaque breaks apart in these blood vessels, a blood clot can form. These clots can block the flow of blood to your heart or brain, causing a heart attack or stroke. Undiagnosed or untreated P.A.D. can be dangerous; it can lead to painful symptoms, loss of a leg, increased risk of coronary artery disease, and carotid atherosclerosis (a narrowing of the arteries that supply blood to the brain).

Because people with P.A.D. have an increased risk of heart attack and stroke, the American Heart Association encourages people at risk to discuss P.A.D. with their HealthCare Provider to ensure early diagnosis and treatment.

Next: Risk Factors & Symptoms


This is a pleasant 83-year-old Caucasian female with a history of melanoma, diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, and arthritis who was referred for a vascular evaluation of the lower extremities due to symptoms of claudication right greater than left.  Patient underwent a CTA of the abdomen and pelvis with runoff that revealed severe bilateral superficial femoral artery disease.  After completion of the vascular evaluation, the decision was made for patient to undergo a bilateral lower extremity arteriogram with possible intervention.

The patient was brought to the peripheral angiography suite to undergo a bilateral lower extremity arteriogram with possible intervention.  Patient was noted to have severe disease of the right superficial femoral artery with a 90% stenosis.  The decision was made to proceed with an atherectomy and angioplasty of the patient’s right superficial femoral artery.

Upon completion of procedure, patient reported improved symptoms of claudication.  She was able to walk her dog without discomfort.  Patient overall rated her experience as excellent.  The patient was very appreciative of the care she received and highly recommends Genesis Vascular of Pooler

“I love the staff at Genesis Vascular of Pooler. Always excellent service!”

– Genesis Vascular of Pooler

This is a pleasant 56-year-old African-American male with a history of diabetes mellitus, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and CVA, who was evaluated for peripheral vascular disease due to symptoms of claudication right greater than left.  Patient had a bilateral lower extremity arterial duplex completed that revealed significant peripheral vascular disease. In light of such the patient was brought to the peripheral vascular suite for further evaluation and management.

After completion of bilateral lower extremity arteriogram, patient was noted to have severe peripheral vascular disease of the bilateral lower extremities.  Patient underwent successful peripheral interventions of both right and left lower extremities.

Patient noted improved symptoms postoperatively and he experienced no complications.

“My experience was excellent. I was very well serviced by a wonderful staff that was quick to respond to my needs. I recommend Genesis Vascular of Pooler.”

– Genesis Vascular of Pooler

Ron is a 73 year old that suffered from severe Peripheral Arterial Disease with lifestyle limiting claudication symptoms in both lower extremities.

“I have been treated for Peripheral Artery Disease at Genesis Vascular twice in 2018. Both times I had a balloon angioplasty performed on my leg by Dr. B. Reddy and each time I was treated by knowledgeable staff who were courteous and responsive to mine and my family’s needs. The Cath lab staff were highly trained professionals which in turn calmed all apprehension. The facility is excellent, transportation was provided and paperwork is minimal. Dr. Reddy is excellent in all aspects of his profession and is very sincere. I highly recommend Genesis Vascular of Salt Lake.”

– Genesis Vascular of Salt Lake

LaDee is an 86 year old who suffered from Peripheral Arterial Disease with rest pain in both lower extremities.

“I was treated at Genesis Vascular for peripheral artery disease. I had two different procedures and the staff were knowledgeable, courteous and accommodated any of my needs. The center is clean and comfortable with little waiting time between check in and my procedure. Genesis Vascular of Salt Lake is an excellent center that I would recommend to anyone seeking treatment for peripheral artery disease.”

– Genesis Vascular of Salt Lake